Business

A Short Guide on Writing a Student Thesis

Unfortunately, our education does not always have a very high quality, its acquiring requires raising to intellectual heights and creations (sometimes in agony) of the thesis work. A terrible thesis work will not even be appreciated by the noble commission group. Do not allow yourself to get C after so many years of your studies. It does not matter that the universe wants to throw logs at our feet, we cannot give up. I never allowed myself to do this, I was always trying to write my coursework and thesis till the end, and share it on Wedoessay blog if possible.

What Thesis Is

Let us recall that the thesis is the work of the author. It would be awkward if I stole someone else’s work. This would be a disgrace not only for me, but for people who really tried. I’ll even make a scandalous statement that it is better to write your thesis yourself. And create something good, so that you do not have the fear of looking into the eyes of your lecturers. Let’s look at what you need to write a good thesis.

1. Choose a Good Topic  

A good topic is not a qualitative concept. I do not think that the theoretical work is of a lower quality than a practical work. In addition, I am far from classifying works based on the level of complexity of the topic. All topics are difficult. Only extreme laziness is the result of poor research, as well as the lack of knowledge. However, the desire of ambitious people to prove their big role in society eliminate all problems.  

So, what is a good topic? A good topic is a topic that interests you. No more torture! You do not need to write about something that seems unnecessary for your future activity. Consider what interests you and suggest a topic. Some universities offer to choose the topic of your thesis in 3 variants.

3 Variants to Choose the Topic of Your Thesis

  • We choose a topic from the list offered by the lecture. That is a very good option.  Academic workers often have a set of different data that we can process in our own work.  Thus, you do not need to search them independently.
  • We ourselves think about it. That is a very ambitious option. You are sure that you will write about what interests you. Usually such a specific work requires quite a lot of interest. The most important thing is to find an advisor who will accept you and your topic. The best thing is to know something a bit. In my experience, the work created in this format is usually very cool and interesting.
  • You have no idea, and the college or university does not provide a list of topics. If you have a lecturer who expects his or her students to be inventive, he or she may help you in writing your thesis. Another variant is to choose an interesting subject (discipline) and try to dig through books in the university library.

2. Do Not Hurry  

Do not be afraid to imagine the expected result of your research. But I came to the conclusion that you have to explain every decision you want to make. You think that you need to write without breaks because you say that you will not make it. But you have some period of time to write the thesis from the moment you choose your topic. It is better to clarify some details with your advisor/lecturer. You do not need to start writing in a month after choosing a topic. But of course, it’s always worth making a draft consistently. If you do not have any additional requirements, it takes about two months to write a good content. Some students deal with this task within two weeks (this is not a legend).

3. The Motivation Curve

There is a theory that the writing of the thesis is similar to a hobby at some stage. You write without much effort, and the curve is constantly growing, so the material is formed in an easily accessible form. Unfortunately, it changes after crossing a certain point. We reach the stage, in which there are no effects, even if we double or triple our efforts. The curves show us that a student needs to catch up this moment of inspiration. Nevertheless, he or she needs advisor’s support to get to the finish line in case of ‘writer’s stagnation.’

The Laffer curve is the most popular. It shows that you cannot endlessly raise taxes, 100% tax won’t motivate taxpayers to work at all. And this is a zero income to the state budget.

4. Is It Better to Write Everything at Once or in Stages?  

This is a complex, almost rhetorical question. There is no definite answer. Unfortunately, you should choose the best method for you. Writing your thesis in stages, you do not need to worry that your work will take much time of your life. You write, do other things, and write again. This option is definitely slower and probably much better. This requires a good time organization and a good patience.  

If you want to choose the first variant, you should forget about everything. Only you and your thesis! Students who prefer to postpone writing until the last day, often write all work at once.  You will be sitting all day in the library. You will probably not see friends or family (if you do not live with them) until you finish. Writing everything at once will definitely give fresh knowledge as you need a few months (a sufficient period) to forget about the details of your work.  

5. Wait Until You Are Ready

Do not start writing right now, wait until you feel that it is time to start. Then, turn a laptop on and generate your ideas. Classify tasks according to their importance and urgency. Thus, you can effectively manage your time. Although you will have other problems that are more important than writing your thesis in the coming months, there will come a time when writing becomes a priority.

6. Why Not to Buy a Thesis?  

I also want to warn you about dishonest works. The acquisition of a thesis is a very risky option. It is not suitable for people with higher education. If someone thinks that he or she can keep it a secret, he/she is mistaken. Sudden and unexpected skills will always surprise you more than indecent victory. By the way, your lecturers can find out about your deception. Unfortunately, this will lead to the loss of respect for colleagues.  

Writing a thesis can be difficult, it can take a lot of time, but imagine the new title and the beautifully designed work on the shelf! Believe me, you are intelligent enough to write a thesis independently, and only get assisted and guided by others.

Choosing the best for the best Developer Sale

Buying an apartment is, for most people, the most important acquisition made throughout life. For the first time in the face of such a challenge, future buyers can avoid making major mistakes if they get on the road.

We asked real estate specialists what are the basic tips that should be taken into account by the novelist who wants to buy an apartment. The replies apply especially for the purchase of dwellings in old blocks, in the case of new constructions that have some particularities. With the best developer sales in singapore this is the perfect detail now.

Well-prepared financial plan and organization

  • A buyer must have some visibility on its medium-term income, especially if it’s a credit acquisition.
  • Leaving this aside, it is extremely important for the buyer to know exactly what he wants, to draw up a list of criteria to which he would not give up, and a list of the criteria he wants, but who can be compromised.

More money and thorough information

First of all, it is necessary to establish the budget, i.e. the amount needed for the acquisition, the source of financing, modernization expenses, commissions, taxes, etc. It is very important that when the purchase is made by credit, chooses an already finished and furnished home, that all these additional expenses have to be made and the probability of accessing another credit is low.

  • Nothing in this world compares to the death of a dear or close person, but, as we all know, death is a natural thing that arises as a result of the conclusion of a man’s life-either by natural or unexpected causes-that makes us sad, indifferent that we were expecting it or not. But such an event involves a funeral, which, in turn, is based on over 1,000 decisions to be taken by the family of the deceased on the darkest day of their lives.

Indeed, death and funeral is a rather strange subject, but that does not mean that it has to be omitted or taken out of our everyday lives – in fact, death does not take into account the time or what we do every day. That’s why the funeral is a pretty interesting subject to investigate, and although you have the impression that you do not need such information, it might one day use what you read in these lines. The use of the good at funeral services singapore is perfect here.

So if you ever need to get advice on this and organize a funeral for a dear person who has just passed away, here you can find out everything you will need, because the event is going normal and in accordance with traditions.

What Is a Crop Lien System

Do you know what a crop lien system is? How is it connected with the modern-day credit card system? Well, just continue reading this article and you’ll know!

Crop Lien: What It Is

The so-called crop lien system was the credit system of the past. It gained more popularity thanks to cotton farmers in the Southern parts of the US from the 1860s to the 1930s. Specifically, it appeared in North Carolina in March 1867. This was the year when the General Assembly passed an Act aimed at securing advances for agricultural purposes.

People who used the system were owners, sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Those, who didn’t own the land they worked, borrowed supplies and food on credit from local merchants all year long. The merchants required the farmers to grow more cotton or some other cash crop since this was profitable. So, the merchants came to dictate the crops that those farmers grew.

This was a kind of lien on the cotton crop. The farmer received what was left over. The system saw its end in the 1940s because of several factors such as poor farmers’ move to cities and towns. These were places where they could find jobs more easily after World War II. The majority of former Confederate states passed laws like this.

Edmund Richardson was one of the people who bought up seized property along the Mississippi River during Reconstruction. This was until he became the owner of cotton plantations in 4 Mississippi Delta counties. Richardson’s land produced more than 100.000 bales of cotton on a yearly basis.

Crop Lien System: What You Have Today

Both for black and white farmers, the system served as a means to get credit before the planting season. They borrowed it against the value of the harvests they expected to have. However, it should also be noted that the planters often abused the system. The point is that they required high interest rates, and often kept those people’s lives under control.  

Today, such abuse has no place if you’re working with a reputable merchant funding provider. Nowadays, merchants very often turn to reputable alternative online lenders to get an easy access to the working capital they need. With a respectable lender, today’s merchants can be sure to avoid unexpected fees unlike those farmers using the crop lien system.   

By the way, if merchants were able to provide credit until crops were harvested, they would be able to charge higher for such purchases, with additional 20%-50%. Sometimes, it was even higher.

The system enabled opening a great number of stores throughout North Carolina and the South. However, farm tenancy fell after 1940, which reduced the number of crop liens, especially those concerning supply merchants. By the way, landlords and farm lending institutions continue using crops as debt security regularly, under stricter protective legislation.

As you see, the crop lien was an arrangement between the merchant and the farmer many years ago. It’s similar to the credit card system available in our modern days.

Author Bio: As the FAM account executive, Michael Hollis has funded millions by using business funding (crop lien system) solutions. His experience and extensive knowledge of the industry has made him a finance expert at First American Merchant.

Business Councils:Cheapest Merchant Services for Small Business

Prime Minister Theresa May has recently created 5 new business councils. The country’s authorities expect advice from the councils onthe economic issues concerning Brexit. The councils are created to ensure the best conditions for UK businesses. What about your own business in the UK? Are you looking for the cheapest merchant services for small business to move forward successfully? Read below to know what you can do.

 

Post-Brexit Policies: Cheapest Merchant Services for Small Business

According to Prime Minister Theresa May, Brexit has the potential to build a better, stronger economy for people across the country. May has asked the new councils to give them advice on the opportunities and obstacles that businesses may have while shaping the future of the country.

 

These 5 councils include:

  • Telecoms, Creative, Technology and Media
  • Industrial, Infrastructure and Manufacturing
  • Small Business, Scale upsand Entrepreneurs
  • Financial, Professional and Education Services
  • Consumer, Retail and Life Sciences

 

As the government notes, 2 business leaders are going to manage each of the mentioned councils. What is more, each of the councils is going to have about 10 members. Besides, each council is to organise a meeting 3 times a year. 2 of the 3 meetings will be with the participation of the prime minister, and the other one will be with the participation of a senior cabinet minister.

 

What about you? Where can you obtain merchant services for small business in the UK so to overcome the current challenges with ease? It’s simple. Just work with a reputable merchant comparison company in the UK that delivers free consultation and reviews of contracts, as well as rates, and fees.

 

Be sure to turn to a payment expert in the UK that never fails to check each processor’s integration processes. Otherwise, you may end up with extra payments caused by misleading terminology, hidden costs, and deceptive sales tactics. Look for a comparison company that’s ready to provide merchants with the most honest snapshot of companies at the time of writing.

 

UK Brexit Business Councils

Let’s look at the above-mentioned 5 business councils. Prudential (PRU.L) Chairman Paul Manduca and Santander UK Chairman ShritiVaderaare going to chair the “Financial, Professional and Education Services” council. BAE Systems (BAES.L) Chairman Roger Carr and Rolls-Royce (RR.L) Chairman Ian Davis are going to chair the “Industrial, Infrastructure and Manufacturing” council.

 

BT Group (BT.L) Chairman Jan du Plessis and ITV (ITV.L) Chief Executive Carolyn McCall.Therewill be the head of the “Telecoms, Creative Industries, Technology and Media” council. Finally, the other 2 councils will cover “Consumer, Retail and Life Sciences”, managed by Tesco (TSCO.L) Chief Executive Dave Lewis and GSK (GSK.L) Chief Executive Emma Walmsley, and “Small Business, Scale upsand Entrepreneurs.”

 

The Prime Minister has hired the bosses of several major players in the country to form industry councils with the purpose of getting important advice on how to deal with the post-Brexit business situation. Each council will also include a representative of a relevant business lobby group.

 

 

Author Bio: Payment industry expert Taylor Cole is a passionate merchant account expert who understands the complicated world of accepting credit and debit cards at your business. His understanding of the industry has helped thousands of business owners save money and time, as well as obtain the cheapest merchant services for small business.

Battery recycling in the next age

Lithium-ion battery is neither the nonsense of the year chosen nor electro technical basics are taught, but it is a term clarified. It is that part of an electrically powered motor vehicle that supplies it with energy like the car battery of a diesel or petrol engine. It is the one battery that stands out in terms of quality over others.

 

Of all the innovations, lithium-ion batteries have become the frontrunners due to their high performance. They are the smallest of their kind and yet they bring most of the “power” with them. This is how the trend in production is best described: small, compact and powerful. Compared to other batteries, they simply have the highest energy density. This is determined by the so-called cathode material. Who wants to know exactly: Cobalt oxide is used.

 

There are, as mentioned above, several types of accumulators for electric cars, in short “batteries”, which replace the good old car battery. Those based on lithium compounds are also called lithium ion secondary batteries. This refers to the same thing. But only if these compounds work in all phases and are not used only as a supplement. Today, one can say that lithium-ion battery is the common name. You can visit to the website to the battery recyling kinsbursky brothers services now.

 

Even under the lithium ion battery itself, there are several types of chemical structure. Our term is therefore only a generic term, which offers even more options – but these are not directly relevant to the end user. Lithium-cobalt dioxide accumulators, called lithium-polymer accumulators, were able to prevail. Their cells are hermetically sealed, thus ensuring environmentally independent operation. From minus 20 ° to plus 60 ° Celsius, they are therefore operational. But since temperatures have a big impact on their lifespan, there are things to consider.

 

Lithium-ion battery: a novelty?

 

What may still sound utopian for one or the other has long since entered our everyday lives. This high energy density, ie the highest performance in the smallest possible space, has long been established in mobile devices. And in the context of mobile telephony, so the smartphones, tablets, notebooks and digital cameras. And now also in motor vehicles. In short, the principle itself is anything but new – but new is the mass use in private transport.

 

Many improvements have been made in recent years regarding the durability and safety of lithium ion batteries. Today they are at a high level compared to a few years ago. Their characteristics relate to cell voltage, charge and discharge voltage, temperature sensitivity and maximum charge and discharge current. That depends on the electrode materials and electrolytes.

 

Lithium Ion Battery – What should the end user know about the mode of action?

 

Lithium ions are small and mobile. They are the charge carriers in the system. The solvents used are electrolytes. Water would not be possible due to the reactions. However, an electrolyte is flammable. Faulty products can ignite – this has led to some product recalls in the past. In the meantime, however, such occurrences can be ruled out just as well as with other established products.

Benefits of Mail Forwarding For Small Companies

Keeping up an autonomous endeavor is fun, anyway it’s trying. For a little company to succeed, you need to put in a huge proportion of effort, time, and cash to give it the best potential for adjusting to this incredibly forceful market of the present world. Complaining about Mail and Packages certainly won’t support things, and little endeavors can’t stand to need to misuse resources on dealing with this kind of issues. That is the reason you require an email sending organization.

Pleasant

Does your business require transports as often as possible? Will it require standard movement of relevant records?

We know precisely how gravely organized this is regularly in light of the fact that you starting at now have a great deal on your end; you are continually hunting down new merchants, hunting down delegates, overseeing printed material, focusing on new contemplations. We know how these things can be a headache. Consider what else could be a cerebral torment? Your package deal accomplished the wrong area!

Thusly, clearly, you wouldn’t have enough time and essentialness to drive to the closest present office routinely on get your email, and you can’t stand to sit tight for it to go to your front doorstep, either. A Wyoming mail sending organization will doubtlessly manage this for you. They’ll store your groups, and sit tight for your request to send these things to your doorstep. It is basically so trouble free.

Security

Unattended postal mail in the letter box can be stolen, and along these lines could be sent to your doorstep and left on view. Thievery is something no one ought to ever involvement; frankly, it is something that will require much time and furthermore money with a particular ultimate objective to recoup from.

wyoming registered agent– Why leave your groups in the open when you’re prepared to anchor them all things considered utilizing Wyoming mail sending? The organization can keep your mail in secure organizations, and they’ll do everything to ensure your groups are frequently passed on to the hands. The organization may moreover protect your own things with bleeding edge encryption and great security endeavors, and that infers you don’t have to worry over prosperity yet again.

Dismissal Paper

Going paperless can save you important storage space, money, and will help the earth as well! You in like manner won’t have to worry over vital records getting lost. Since you will have all the sending done deliberately, a portion of your complexities will take off. Not even by and by lose an indispensable definitive record yet again.

Better Client Experience

A Wyoming mail sending organization may empower businesses to collect their company’s uprightness and furthermore enhance the client experience. Duplications, unneeded mail sending, and long rates of response can be all of the relics of days passed by, and you may never should be stressed over this again.

In outline

Using an Email sending organization can really support your undertaking. It can benefit you finish things quicker in light of the way that it could save you time, cash, effort, and space for limit. It will empower you to have your private house private and can anchor your mail and private information. It can empower your business to appear to be impressively more master and give an immeasurably enhanced customer encounter. Contribute some time and check your decisions, attempt to enter the purposes of intrigue and find what each company offers and whether it fits you.

Essentiality of the Perfection in Crypto World

This is a regular question among experts of cryptocurrency (or “tokens” for the ether) how to declare his income when selling ether, bitcoin or other cryptocurrency against euros? And what about inheritance rights?

Of course, the answer depends primarily on your place of tax residence. If you declare and pay your taxes in France, this article gives an update on the applicable regime. This article does not constitute tax advice.

The tax regime for bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies has been clarified by a series of tax administration publications relating to:

  • occasional income from cryptocurrencies,
  • revenue derived from cryptocurrencies as usual,
  • taxation and
  • gift or inheritance rights.

ISF and the rights of donation and succession

The rule is clear: cryptocurrencies are taxable. For example, if you die and leave a wealth of 10,000 dollars to your children, the amount is taxable to inheritance tax in full (for the equivalent value in euros on the day of death). And you have to declare each year to the ISF the value on January 1st of ETH that you have if you exceed the tax threshold (14,83,823.90 dollars in 2016). Explore about it more in https://www.amarkets.com/trading-platforms/ now.

Revenue from cryptocurrencies

In general, any income is taxable. In practice, the rule is a little more complicated: in order to determine the tax system, it is necessary to distinguish whether the income constitutes income from regular activity or not, ie “as usual”. We must take into account the efforts made, but also the income generated, the number of operations.

On this point, the tax administration specifies this (it should be noted that the administration speaks only bitcoin but this applies naturally to all cryptocurrencies):

With regard to the NBCs (non-commercial profits, activity occasional) – BOI-BNC-CHAMP-10-10-20-40-20160203, n ° 1080:

Bitcoin happens to be a fundamental account unit accumulated on an electronic medium that happen to allow a community of users for exchangingservices and goods amongst themselves without resorting to legal currency.

Bitcoins are acquired either free of charge in return for participating in the operation of the system, or for a fee on internet platforms created to allow the purchase and sale of bitcoins against legal tender money.

The issue of the number of bitcoins is limited and determined, their acquisition for resale proceeds from a speculative intention. The income from this activity, when it is used on an occasional basis, is income falling under the forecasts of article 92 of the CGI. It is specified that the gains are taxable, regardless of the nature of the goods or securities against which bitcoins are exchanged (exchange of bitcoins for dollars, but also purchases of goods of any kind settled by bitcoins: in this case, the gain must be determined by reference to the euro value of the property acquired).

Customer care management software: what is to know about it?

CRM software structures and consolidates all existing customer information and documents in a single CRM database. Users can easily access and manage important data. In addition, the powerful database of CRM software correlates individual information, analyzes it and enables manual or automated capture of new data. Other significant feature of the Customer Relationship Management system includes recording various customer interactions, various automatic workflow process like calendars, various tasks and memories as well as the possibility. CRM software is used in different areas of the company and this is exactly where the greatest benefit lies. The complex CRM system is characterized in particular by the fact that it first structures and enriches the collected information in order to propose the best possible solutions.

CRM in sales

In sales, customers can be individually advised based on important customer data from the CRM software. Every customer contact can be optimally prepared as the sales representative is well informed about the preferences of the customer or prospective customer. Thanks to mobile apps on the go, CRM system always displays the current status of all customer data, including sales figures and employee engagement. CRM focuses on customer loyalty for the success of the company, as it is much more economical than winning new customers. But also opportunity management is an important part of the software. Here, the sales department can manage new contacts and optimally address them.

CRM in customer service

Good customer service is the alpha and omega of quality customer care. If the customer has a problem with their order or service, a service employee can call up relevant information in the CRM software with a mouse click and thus help the customer optimally. CRM tools with marketing automation capabilities enable repetitive task automation to optimize marketing efforts for customers at different times of their lifecycle. This means that suitable marketing materials are automatically sent via e-mail or social media to prospects who have been added to the system. This means that suitable marketing materials are automatically sent via e-mail or social media to prospects who have been added to the system. However, you should know more about customer care management CRM software here before buying them, https://www.bpmonline.com/l/crm/software/customer-care-management-software.

Conclusion: CRM in marketing

In marketing, goals and so-called KPIs are defined and analyzed in the CRM software. Afterwards milestones can be tracked and reports can be created. Thus, the communication is supported by valuable data on purchasing behavior and customer satisfaction from the software. Marketing campaigns can be planned precisely and subsequently evaluated. Customers are thus informed on the channels they prefer about the products and services they are really interested in. With CRM software it can be adjusted in this way distribution, product and price offers according to the demand which is also shown in the system.

 

 

Essential Guides for the Proper Crypto Support Now for You

It is a practical guide to investing in bitcoin for savers recalls the precautions to take before investing in this risky market and reserved for technophiles.

Aware of the tremendous and media craze around bitcoin, the companies offer a practical guide for savers who might be tempted, or approached, to invest in this virtual currency. Initially, the Constable of the Stock Exchange explains the fundamentals of bitcoin, its mode of creation, its decentralised operation. While recognising a function of money, which can be used as a means of payment on some websites and some businesses proximity, the regulator recalls that no virtual currency “is legal tender”. So nothing obliges a merchant to accept payment in bitcoin. From the https://www.amarkets.com/promo/ now you will be able to have a complete idea.

Bitcoin exchange platforms must be approved.

Regarding platforms for the purchase and resale of bitcoins, the regulator reminds savers that “it is essential to check the reputation and reliability of these sites.” Knowing that “in France, the intermediation activity of receiving funds from the buyer of bitcoins to transfer them to the seller of bitcoins is a payment provider accreditation issued by the ACPR”. Thus, before choosing a platform, it must be verified whether it is accredited by the ACPR to carry out this activity (it must be a credit institution, an electronic money institution or an institution Payment) and if it is present on the register.

No official course or legal tender

Then, the very high volatility of the price of bitcoin makes it a risky asset on which we can win but also lose a lot. Moreover, given that virtual currencies are not legal tender, they do not benefit from central bank guarantees and nothing protects savers in the event of bankruptcy of the intermediary. The AMF also insists on the technical and sophisticated side of the operation of bitcoin and its underlying technology, the blockchain.

CFDs on bitcoin: the double risk

Naturally, while online brokers take advantage of the technical complexity of investing directly in bitcoin to offer CFDs indexed on this currency, the IMF indicates that “in this situation, double vigilance is required”. Indeed, as a first step, it will be necessary to carry out “traditional verifications before investing on a CFD”, namely the verification of the broker’s approval (investment service provider), the understanding of the operation of this type of financial instruments, controlling the effects of levers. In short, for the “CFD bitcoin are highly risky speculative products”.

Finally, the regulator recommends “absolute caution” on the very different investment proposals around bitcoin that can be made on the internet, such as the purchase of training packages, bitcoin mining or management mandates on digital assets. In these cases, you should contact info service directly.

Things to know about the Retirement Policy

Retirement is complicated and each of us asks a lot of questions. The retirement age, full pension or pension reduction, special cases such as civil servants or expatriates, various reforms, the redemption of quarters so many notions to know that come to shake our certainties.

Age and amount

Departure age: the legal retirement age is determined according to your year of birth and the number of quarters paid.

Calculate your future retirement: the pension that will be paid to you is the combination of the basic pension to which is added the supplementary pension.

ASPA: guaranteed minimum pension: the pension system is based on the contributory distribution, each contributor receiving a pension proportional to its payments and its contribution period.

Retirement simulators: While online simulators can give you a first glimpse of your retirement age and future earnings, their results should not be taken for cash.

Employment and Retirement: It is possible to combine your retirement and a new activity. This is the State employees credit union policy.

The revaluation of retirement: traditionally, pensions are revalued each year from a calculation made based on inflation forecasts.

Redemption of quarters: if you do not add up the required insurance period, under any plan, at the legal retirement age, you have the option to buy back quarters to artificially lengthen the term of insurance.

Retirement pension and the hazards of life: The vagaries of life can lead to a decrease in the amount of your retirement pension. Maternity leave, periods of sickness, accident at work, disability, or unemployment, can validate quarters.

The documents

Claiming and Retiring: Retiring is only available upon prior request. It is advisable to do this at least four months before the planned departure date.

Documents to keep: to prepare your retirement, it is essential to keep documents related to your professional career as well as some documents of civil life.

Individual situation report: summary of your professional career, the career statement details the rights you have acquired under the general scheme.

Features and reforms

History of pension reforms: reforms of our pension system are accelerating. These changes are perceived as complicated and remain opaque to many.

Pension plans: the National Old-Age Insurance Fund manages the retirement of the general social security scheme. This is the basic retirement of all employees.

Mandatory pension plans: most of us automatically contribute to two pension plans: the basic pension fund and the mandatory supplementary pension fund.

Retirement of civil servants: the retirement of the civil servants answers to particular rules which differ from those of the private sector.

Retirement of the liberal professions: it consists of a basic pension common to all the liberal professions, of a complementary retirement and for some occupations of a supplementary retirement.

Retirement of tradesmen / craftsmen: It is the Social Regime of the independents which manages the contributions and the pensions of the tradesmen and craftsmen. This pension plan is mandatory.

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